Slow lorises in the wild are under intense pressure for collection for the pet trade. In Laos, large numbers of native lorises are exported to Vietnam. Yet, watch closely. It occurs in a variety of forest habitats, including tropical dry forests, semi-evergreen, and evergreen forests. So many details in this princess! The hands and feet are silvery white, with yellowish-white nails. Pygmy slow lorises are nocturnal prosimians which rarely come down from the trees. Vocalizations of the pygmy slow loris include a short whistle, mother-infant contact calls, and a whistling sound produced during estrus. The pygmy slow loris has declined in numbers as a result of extensive habitat degradation throughout its range, including north-eastern Cambodia, the Yunnan Province of China, and Vietnam. This makes hunting and capture illegal, and in China and Vietnam, possession and storage are also illegal. In Cambodia, widespread declines have been associated with increases in hunting pressure during 2001 and 2002. the pygmy slow loris The pygmy slow loris is a small nocturnal animal living in the forests of Vietnam. After studying slow lorises from Indochina, primatologistColin Groves proposed that the pygmy slow loris was morphologically unique enough to be considered a distinct species. One of the components is a member of the secretoglobinfamily of proteins, and similar to an allergenic protein found in cat dander. We have custom orders placed but jumped at the chance when we saw her because we are HUGE fans of Gakman! The female is mildly aggressive to her suitors during estrus, and will often lunge at males, usually after a long period of being approached and followed. An adult can grow to around 19 to 23 cm (7.… When startled, the slow loris licks its brachial glands and applies the secretion to its heads. Osman Hill thus listed Nycticebus coucang pygmaeus, while acknowledging that "it may be deemed necessary to accede this form specific rank." There are, however, large seasonal variations in bodyweight, and individuals up to 700 grams (25 oz) have been recorded. There is very little known about the pygmy loris in the wild partly due to the unstable political situations in their native countries. Having generalist dietary preferences allows them to overcome difficult environmental conditions; gum allows them to live at a low energy level with a reduced metabolism. Like other strepsirrhine primates, the pygmy slow loris has tapeta lucida in its eyes to assist with night vision. A year later, several pairs caught from the wild were transferred to zoos in Cincinnati, San Diego, and the Duke Lemur Center. They do not have tails but are well equipped for climbing trees because of their opposable thumbs. In Cambodia, the species is used in Traditional Khmer Medicine. When threatened, they will imitate an angry cobra by hissing, whistling and moving in the deliberate manner of a serpent. An adult can grow to around 19 to 23 cm (7.5 to 9.1 in) long and has a very short tail. In terms of international protection, the species was elevated to Appendix I of CITES in 2007. In 1960, Dao Van Tienreported a species from HÃ²a BÃ¬nh Province, Vietnam, that he called N. intermedius, but it turned out that his specimens were merely adults of the pygmy slow loris, which had originally been described on the basis of a juvenile. The pygmy slow loris is nocturnal, although it is least active on cold, moonlit nights and is generally active on dark nights, regardless of temperature. In this analysis, most of the recognized lineages of Nycticebus, including the pygmy slow loris, were shown to be genetically distinct, and the species was shown to have diverged earlier than the other slow loris species, beginning perhaps 2.7 million years ago. Surveys conducted at Cambodian markets showed that the species was the third most common mammal for sale, offered at prices ranging from US$0.85â6.25 (â¬0.65â4.70). Feeding on gum takes place over a time period ranging from one to twenty minutes and involves intense licking, sometimes accompanied by audible scratching and bark-breaking sounds. The baby, born last Tuesday, already is … Its encounter rate, determined from two field studies from Laos and Vietnam combined, was 0.05â0.08 lorises/km. Unable to leap from tree to tree, the pygmy slow loris has a restricted range from which it may obtain food sources. For the first few days, the young loris clings to the belly of its mother. According to CITES, this activity is considered unsustainable. Surveys from 1998 and 1999 show that 80 to 90 animals were imported from Vietnam though Hekou Port into Yunnan province, making it the most commonly recorded animal in the surveys. Its tail is short to nonexistent, but its dexterous hands (with opposable thumbs) and feet make climbing and hanging around in trees a … We have custom orders placed but jumped at the chance when we saw her because we are HUGE fans of Gakman! The European Union (EU) (2005) describes the population status in Laos as "apparently widespread, but not common anywhere". The pygmy slow loris has a reddish-brown coat with pale faces except for reddish-b rown markings around their eyes. Under Vietnamese law it has had the highest level of wildlife protection since 1992, all exploitation and use of the pygmy slow loris is illegal. Non-experts may find it difficult to distinguish between the pygmy slow loris and the Sunda slow loris, as both have similarly reddish fur, which is variable in colours. There are 9 genera and over 25 species. Illegal trade routes are known to exist from Cambodia, to Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam, with much of this trade destined for China. It lives in thick forest and bamboo groves. The population in China has been estimated at less than 500 individuals. 1 of 4 Paula Kolvig, rainforest assistant curator, holds Pygmy Slow Loris twins at Moody Gardens in Galveston. She is so much more beautiful than the pictures are capable of showing! According to a 2003 report, the animals were sold for 30,000â50,000 Vietnamese dong (US$1.50â2.50 or â¬1.10â1.80). The weight gains, achieved largely by increasing food intake, are triggered by changes in the length of the day and night. Hey little lady! However, the species is still vulnerable to hunting, even in protected areas. They inhabit tropical rainforests, evergreen forests and bamboo groves. Trees from which exudates are eaten are from the following families: Sapindaceae (Sapindus), Euphorbiaceae (Vernicia), Fabaceae(Saraca), Anacardiaceae (Spondias), and Burseraceae. The pygmy slow loris has scent glands near its elbow (brachial glands). Hi! The life span of the pygmy slow loris is about 20 years. Formerly, hundreds of pygmy lorises were traded monthly in major markets, but recently numbers seem to have decreased, due to shortages in supply. In 2000 the IUCN classified the pygmy slow loris as "Vulnerable", as did the Vietnam Red Data Book the same year. The first genus is Loris. They inhabit rainforests and evergreen forests and are also found in secondary and degraded forests and bamboo plantations. A Vietnamese study concluded that the diet of the pygmy slow loris consists largely of tree exudates (gum) (63%) and animal prey (33%), with other food types making up the remainder. Pygmy Slow loris are called “slow loris” because of their speed, but observations from the Duke Lemur Center indicate that they are, in fact, moving faster than other slow loris species. The pygmy slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal, and is most commonly found in semi-evergreen, secondary, and mixed deciduous forests. 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