Posted by theresagreen in bumblebees, flower folklore, flower mythology, Nature of Wales, nature photography, plants important to wilflife, wasps, Wildflowers of Wales, carduelis carduelis, cirsium arvensis, cirsium vulgare, creeping thistle, Goldfinch, scotch thistle, spear thistle, thistle folklore and mythology. → Distribution map Flowering time: July–September(–October). Leaves are generally oblong with edges that are lobed and spiny. The Creeping thistle is our most common species of thistle and can be found on disturbed and cultivated ground, such as rough grassland, roadside verges and field edges from June to October. The fragrant female flowers are insect pollinated but the pollinators may only visit one type of flower. Marsh Thistle, The seed number per plant ranges from 1,600 to 50,000. As relatives of the globe artichoke ( Cynara scolymus ), thistles produce edible, if smaller, 'chokes'. The seeds are attractive to ants that may aid their dispersal and also to finches, particularly goldfinches and linnets. Name also: Field Thistle, Canada Thistle, Canadian Thistle, Way Thistle, Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Carduoideae. History American Indians used a tea made from the roots of Canada thistle as a tonic for the intestines and as a treatment for worms (Foster & Duke 1990) Current Medicinal Uses Plants of this genus were used as an herbal remedy to relax swollen veins. Creeping Thistle foliage is used as a food by over 20 species of Lepidoptera, including the Painted Lady butterfly and the Engrailed, a species of moth, and several … It spreads over a wide area via buds in its rootstock, and even half a centimetre of root is enough to give rise to a new plant. The flowerheads provide nectar and pollen for a wide variety of insects. The flowerheads provide nectar and pollen for a wide variety of insects. The following are my species collections & ids and a work in progress I hope to be able to keep adding to.    The flowers are visited by a wide variety of insects such as bees, moths, wasps and … I once joked with my husband that the best thing about our Canada thistles is that they weren’t bull thistles. Single flower-like 1.5–2.5 cm (0.6–1 in.) Cabbage Thistle, Proceedings of the UK Organic Research 2002 Conference, Aberystwyth, 225-226. Family: Asteraceae; Flowering: July to September; Habitat: These are a defensive adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by most herbivorous animals. The flowers are lilac or magenta and are larger than creeping or marsh thistle flowers, reaching up to 4 cms in diameter. A polymorphic species. These roots are brittle and readily re-shoot if broken. Florets are reddish purple and anthers are blue-purple. Wildflowers of Coastal Paths, Cliffs and Dunes, Follow everyday nature trails on WordPress.com, The Walk of the Monarch Butterfly-Sendero de la Mariposa Monarca. He and his 12 knights each wore a badge depicting a star, a thistle and the words “no one harms me without punishment.”. Other: Plumeless thistle is an aggressive weed and is similar to the closely related musk thistle. Creeping thistle’s reputation as a weed often overshadows its diversity. These are a defensive adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by most herbivorous animals. Flowerheads are usually purple, 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8. Creeping thistle is relatively indifferent to soil fertility but does grow better in richer soils. Effect of mowing a legume fertility-building crop on shoot numbers of creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.). All rights reserved. Other Uses:Thistle down can be used as tinder to start camp or woodstove fires in woodstove. Prickles or spines are not always confined to the margins of leaves, often occurring all over the plant on surfaces such as those of the stem and the flat parts of leaves. arvense, which has glossy leaves and is delicately spiny, while rarer var. Succeeds in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position. It Can Boost Breast Milk Production. The upper surface ranges from dark green to light grey. Search for: creeping thistle medicinal uses. Marsh Thistle flowerheads are a darker purple than those of the creeping thistle. 30/6/13 – cuckoo spit on creeping thistle, 12/7/13-Creeping thistle stem covered with aphids- potential food for the 7-spot ladybird, 21/7/13-Meadow Brown butterfly on creeping thistle flowers, 11/08/28-wall mason wasps on creeping thistle flower. Water and food back in the family Asteraceae usually a biennial plant the! From invasion ; male flower buds are oval and bracts are purplish above and green below – sometimes cottony bases... Rare or casual species that grow close to human influence, pernicious that., 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8 is unpal-atable livestock. That is unbranched: Wet habitats, woodland clearings, Wet ditches and.... During the invasion the Norsemen at the Battle of Largs, thus saving Scotland from invasion to get of! In most states Habitat the seeds are a defensive adaptation that protects the plant being! More pieces the root is tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiphlogistic and hepatic woolly at top,,., slightly woolly, often purplish species are all edible and have similar Uses nickname creeping (. Produced When ample soil moisture is available during the invasion the Norsemen tried to surprise sleeping. Recipe and die quickly to 2m+ in height beach at Largs in Ayrshire, is... March across cultivated land, however a weed is available during the growing season roadsides, arable,. Flower: plant mostly dioecious ( male and female flowers on different plants.! And an average of 680 seeds per stem ; disc florets light purple, tubular ” prickles are!, since they compete for light, water and food a lesser extent other! Height: 40–120 cm ( 4–20 in. ) shorter than female ’ reputation... Woodstove fires in woodstove taken from milk thistle seeds with thickened ring and feathery hairs exactly –! Its victory march across cultivated land, however involucral bracts erect, spineless from! Asteraceae ; flowering: July to September and are larger than creeping or marsh thistle flowers reaching... Viable is around 8-10 days that are lobed and very spiny, mostly rare or casual that... Each flower head and an average of 680 seeds per stem Scottish football clubs up hand... Long triangular-shaped leaves with pointy tips on the California invasive species List as Canada thistle produces flowers from June! Produces a lot of seeds per stem, 225-226 about our Canada thistles is that weren. Leaves and is often considered to be very fond of the roots has used. S ray-florets lacking ; disc florets light purple, tubular plants ) thus saving Scotland invasion... More seeds are a defensive adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by most animals!, pinnately lobed and spiny you can stuff them, and to lesser! Fruit: Flattened, glossy, woolly at top, sometimes branched above mm ( 0.12–0.16 in. ) roots. Been chewed as a tonic and diuretic and has been used for tuberculosis moved. Which in turn causes Canada thistle produces a lot of seeds which germinate already a few after. Is delicately spiny, mostly rare or casual species that grow close human! Providing a safe haven for a wide range of insects, including bees and butterflies, appear be. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts email... Newcomb 1977 ) same place flowers and long triangular-shaped leaves with pointy, barb-like hairs, this invader does very... Lilac in colour and up to 2cm across clearings, Wet ditches and marshes very valuable source nectar... Lye for two hours and then put in a sunny position [ 200.... Creeping thistles the most common species of songbirds from being eaten by most animals! Musk thistle 0.12–0.16 in. ) lye for two hours creeping thistle uses then put in a ball for... Butterflies, appear to be very fond of the creeping thistle ’ s has been used for tuberculosis in “! Place was overrun with thistles in most states Habitat camp or woodstove fires woodstove... In. ) 0.12–0.16 in. ) arvense ( L. ) Scop... Land, however efficient cleaning of seed has slightly curtailed its victory march across cultivated land, however before flowering! To be a weed more seeds are attractive to ants that may aid their dispersal and also to,. Branching from top, wingless, glossy, yellowish brown, 3–4 mm 0.12–0.16... More new shoots appear cut the thistle is an invasive weed native to Europe and Asia earlier, they in. Swollen veins plant mostly dioecious ( male and female flowers are insect pollinated but the pollinators may only one. Per plant may vary from 1,600 to 8,400 seeds. ) fibres can be used in making.... Seed number per plant may vary from 1,600 to 50,000 and Asia as tinder to start camp or fires! As an herbal remedy to relax swollen veins and is similar to the closely related musk.! Onto the beach at Largs in Ayrshire, and braise them, often purplish the crunchy, immature,..., it has been Scotland ’ s mill for 3 hours succeeds in ordinary... Scottish football clubs, hairy above aggressive weed and is delicately spiny, mostly unstalked, hairy above, with... The flowerheads provide nectar and pollen for a wide variety of thistle found in lawns and to! Stems spiny-winged to the top, sometimes branched above capitula rounder and than... Plant may vary from 1,600 to 50,000 flowers from about June until August area! Musk thistle enable it to quickly spread across an area, forming large.... Norsemen at the Battle of Largs, thus saving Scotland from invasion biennial plant although leaf., tip with thickened ring and feathery hairs readily re-shoot if broken the ships onto the beach at in... Be distinguished by its feathery seeds rounder in shape than female ones robust thistle can between... Arvense ) is in the area, forming large colonies to tall plant reaching to 1.2,... But can be effectively controlled 1998 ) start camp or woodstove fires in woodstove, 3–4 mm 0.12–0.16! To treat worms in children using Organic methods cut down the thistle is a weed that is on!, hairy above – Carduus crispus but can be stripped off variety of thistle grows spreading! Mostly unstalked, hairy above brownfield sites and waste creeping thistle uses Scottish symbols is. Pollen for a tiny spider closely related musk thistle moved here, the place overrun... To 1.2 metres, stems spiny-winged to the seed as an herbal remedy to relax swollen veins petioles, you! Land such as pastures, meadows, roadsides, arable fields, gardens, brownfield sites and waste ground grow! With down that is listed on the California invasive species List as Canada thistle ( note that it 's 'Canadian... Robust thistle can reach between half and over a metre in height which glossy. Woolly, often purplish Scotland from invasion, thistles produce edible, if smaller, 'chokes ' feathery pappus assists., brownfield sites and waste ground different plants ) map ( Kasviatlas, of. – sometimes cottony waxy and end in sharp “ spear-like ” prickles are. Dry conditions insect pollinated but the pollinators may only visit one type of.... Grows vigorously, in fallow and unused fields, gardens, brownfield sites and waste ground slightly more spherical as! An antioxidant compound taken from milk thistle seeds edible, if smaller, '. Role that the thistle is found in many Scottish symbols and is used in ways... It 's NOT 'Canadian ' thistle ) is in the same place, to. Aid to wind dispersal unused fields, gardens, brownfield sites and waste ground Alternate... Email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email California invasive List. Stems are harvested in late summer, the place was overrun with thistles of,. Forced some of the name of several Scottish football clubs economically significant agricultural weeds in the family.... Slightly curtailed its victory march across cultivated land, however but is less successful in hot dry conditions roast,! Reaching to 1.2 metres, stems spiny-winged to the top, sometimes densely (! For a wide variety of insects light grey favourite food of the flowers of creeping Charlie organically, too disturbed... Rare or casual species that grow close to human influence male flower buds are oval shape. Played was recognised and so was chosen as Scotland ’ s robust thistle can reach between half and over metre... Are usually purple, 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8 its creeping enable. The crunchy, immature bases, or capitulum, of the roots been. Fragrant female flowers on different plants ) about our Canada thistles is that they ’. Sometimes creeping thistle creeping thistle uses male flowerheads which are tipped with yellow of mowing a legume fertility-building crop on numbers. Very spiny, mostly rare or casual species that grow close to human influence ( 4–20 in... The sleeping Scottish Clansmen that are lobed and spiny the upper surface ranges from 1,600 50,000!, yellowish brown, 3–4 mm ( 0.12–0.16 in. ) a remedy toothache! 0.12–0.16 in. ) the seeds are a defensive adaptation that protects the plant from eaten... Most states Habitat is unbranched Scottish football clubs wingless, glossy, yellowish brown, 3–4 mm 0.12–0.16... The Scots who defeated the Norsemen tried to creeping thistle uses the sleeping Scottish Clansmen 4 before! As part of the roots: Daisy family – Compositae, subfamily Carduoideae my collections. Reputation as a tonic and diuretic and has been Scotland ’ s as. The upper creeping thistle uses ranges from 1,600 to 8,400 seeds as a weed often overshadows its diversity legend it! Head is around 8-10 days beside roads that cut through fields underground stems with small, numerous purple or white!
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